Cancer incidence and mortality statistics reported by the American Cancer Society and other resources were used to create the list. To qualify as a common cancer for the list, the estimated annual incidence for 2011 had to be 40,000 cases or more.
The most common type of cancer on the list is prostate cancer, with more than 240,000 new cases expected in the United States in 2011. The cancer on the list with the lowest incidence is pancreatic cancer, with 44,030 new cases expected in 2011.
Because colon and rectal cancers are often referred to as "colorectal cancers," these two cancer types are combined for the list. For 2011, the estimated number of new cases of colon cancer and rectal cancer are 101,340 and 39,870, respectively, adding to a total of 141,210 new cases of colorectal cancer.
Kidney cancers can be divided into two major groups, renal parenchyma cancers and renal pelvis cancers. Approximately 92 percent of kidney cancers develop in the renal parenchyma, and nearly all of these cancers are renal cell cancers. The estimated number of new cases of renal cell cancer for 2011 is 56,046.
The following table gives the estimated numbers of new cases and deaths for each common cancer type:
|Cancer Type||Estimated New Cases||Estimated Deaths|
|Breast (Female – Male)||230,480 – 2,140||39,520 – 450|
|Colon and Rectal (Combined)||141,210||49,380|
|Kidney (Renal Cell) Cancer||56,046||12,070|
|Leukemia (All Types)||44,600||21,780|
|Lung (Including Bronchus)||221,130||156,940|
Find out what you need to know about the most common types of cancer treatment, such as surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and many others.
Surgery can be used to diagnose, treat, or even help prevent cancer in some cases. Most people with cancer will have some type of surgery. It often offers the greatest chance for cure, especially if the cancer has not spread to other parts of the body.
Chemotherapy (chemo) is the use of medicines or drugs to treat cancer. The thought of having chemotherapy frightens many people. But knowing what chemotherapy is, how it works, and what to expect can often help calm your fears. It can also give you a better sense of control over your cancer treatment.
Radiation therapy uses high-energy particles or waves to destroy or damage cancer cells. It is one of the most common treatments for cancer, either by itself or along with other forms of treatment.